Amazona autumnalis .......................................................By Gideon Scheepers
Overall plumage is green, the crown is blue, the forehead is red and the cheeks yellow. Neck and throat are green edged, in blue-black. The bend of wing is yellow-green, the wings are green with dark blue tips, and has red and blue on secondaries. The tail is green edged with yellow, and the undersides are greenish-red. The eye ring is white. The bill is a bone-yellow with black on the tip and lower beak. It's feet are pale grey. Amazons are short heavy bodied, stocky birds. Most species are predominately green with red, yellow, blue, white or orange markings. They are 34 cm in length.
Range and Habitat
Eastern Mexico, Central America and Southern Nicaragua. They are found in forest areas and sometimes in deforested areas. They are seen in large groups and tend to distance themselves from the main group in breeding season.
Housing in Aviculture
They do very well in suspended aviaries, but the larger the better, they should have sturdy perches at either end of the aviary. Amazons are active birds and should be allowed as much space as possible. The cage should have at least perches that the bird can move between. Appropriate, safe toys should be provided They are absolutely spectacular when in full flight and if housed in a large flight they really show all the wonderful colours. They don't tend to damage the aviary work, but will attack the wood in it. We feel they need a secluded area at the rear of the aviary as the female will sometimes get off the eggs to come and see what all the fuss is about whilst the male is defending his territory from everyone.
Breeding in Aviculture
Amazons tend to be difficult to breed in Aviculture with wild birds taking longer to settle down and breed than local bred birds They become sexually mature at around 2-5 years. Amazons breed in the spring and usually produce a single clutch of 3 to 5 eggs. If the first clutch is removed from the nest they will often lay a second clutch. Most amazons will breed in a vertical nestbox, the size being dependent upon species but typically 45cm x 45cm x 60cm Due to them becoming obese in Aviculture Amazons should be allowed space to fly and exercise. Most males become extremely aggressive and territorial in breeding season and will not hesitate to attack the keeper. The male will sometimes become aggressive towards the hen, and can injure her, so an eye should be kept on his mood swings.
They make great pets but are noisy, they are large extrovert parrots and will learn to talk, and they can become possessive of its owner. They are real show-offs and are very flamboyant, always strutting up and down on its perch , flashing its eyes at you and generally being noisy.
I only know of the Yellow and Cinnamon Mutations, if you know of more please contact me.
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